Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
This experimental study featured the process of brain building in senior preschoolers, namely the characteristics of verbal and nonverbal thinking at this stage of ontogenesis. The authors substantiated the possibilities of psychological and pedagogical support for cognitive development. Mental operations were tested using standard psychological diagnostics. The article covers some psychological and pedagogical theories of brain development in preschoolers. In visual-figurative forms, the development level of mental operations proved to be more expressive than in verbal and logical forms. The research revealed various possibilities of targeted development of verbal and nonverbal brain building components in senior preschoolers, as well as the forms and methods of psychological and pedagogical support it requires. The author believes that traditional educational practices should be reformed. Organized educational environment, productive activities, and games develop cognitive interests and curiosity and catalyze the development of activities initiated by the child. Experimental data proved the effectiveness of specially created programs of psychological and pedagogical support for the verbal and non-verbal cognitive development of preschoolers.

brain building, mental operations, nonverbal thinking, verbal thinking, cognitive development, cognitive processes
Publication text (PDF): Read Download

1. Luria A. R. Lectures on general psychology. St. Petersburg: Piter, 2006, 320. (In Russ.)

2. Berberyan H. S. Mental operations' place of in the structure of abilities and thinking. Russian Psychological Journal, 2016, 13(1): 19-28. (In Russ.)

3. Piaget J. The nature of intelligence. Psychology of thinking: reader, eds. Gippenreiter Yu. B., Spiridonov V. A., Falikman M. V., Petukhov V. V. 2nd ed. Moscow: AST; Astrel, 2008, 78-89. (In Russ.)

4. Rubinshtein S. L. On the nature of thinking and its composition. Psychology of thinking: reader, eds. Gippenreiter Yu. B., Spiridonov V. A., Falikman M. V., Petukhov V. V. 2nd ed. Moscow: AST; Astrel, 2008, 111-116. (In Russ.)

5. Shadrikov V. D. Intellectual operations. Moscow: Logos, 2006, 108. (In Russ.)

6. Glozman J. M. Neuropsychological approach to cognition in childhood years. Modern preschool education: theory and practice, 2012, (6): 62-71. (In Russ.)

7. Bogoyavlenskaya D. B. Development of the theory of thinking in classical psychology. Bogoyavlenskaya D. B. Psychology of creative abilities. Samara: Fedorov, 2009, 41-93. (In Russ.)

8. Montessori M. Absorbing mind of the child. St. Petersburg: Volontery, 2009, 320. (In Russ.)

9. Falunina E. V., Blinskaya E. M. Theory and practice of the development of logical-mathematical thinking in elder preschoolers. Problemy sostialno-ekonomicheskogo razvitiia Sibiri, 2017, (2): 181-186. (In Russ.)

10. Shinkareva N. A., Drobyazgina T. V. Pedagogical conditions and features of development of logical thinking of children of senior preschool age. Azimuth of Scientific Research: Pedagogy and Psychology, 2018, 7(3): 91-95. (In Russ.)

11. Morozova I. S., Bugakova E. O. Dynamic aspects of development of cogitative operation of generalization at transition of children from an elementary school in an average part of training. Sibirskiy Psikhologicheskiy Zhurnal, 2007, (25): 86-91. (In Russ.)

12. Kaznacheev S. V., Tsiptsina M. N. Problems of thinking development in preschool age. Simvol nauki, 2019, (2): 66-75. (In Russ.)

13. Kokontseva E. V. The relationship between the development of visual-figurative thinking, the ability to symbolic mediation and dialectical thinking in senior preschoolers. Vospitanie i obuchenie detei mladshego vozrasta, 2014, (2). Available at: (accessed 2 Dec 2021). (In Russ.)

14. Beloshistaya A. V. Development of logical thinking in preschool children as a methodological problem (theory and technology). Doshkolnoe vospitanie, 2018, (1): 21-29. (In Russ.)

15. Vygotsky L. S. Ppedagogical psychology. Moscow: Pedagogika-press, 1996, 536. (In Russ.)

16. Bityanova M. R., Azarova T. V., Afanasieva E. I., Vasilieva N. L. The work of a psychologist in an elementary school. Moscow: Prosveshchenie, 2012, 352. (In Russ.)

17. Kazakova E. I. Development support as a new educational technology. Psychological-pedagogical and medical-social support of child development: Proc. Russian-Flemish Sci.-Prac. Conf., St. Petersburg, 14-16 Mar 2001. St. Petersburg, 2001, pt. 1, 9-14. (In Russ.)

18. Dubrovina I. V. Practical psychology in the labyrinths of modern education. Moscow: RAE, 2014, 455. (In Russ.)

19. Venger L. A., Venger A. L. Home school of thinking. Moscow: Drofa, 2010, 397. (In Russ.)

20. Yakovleva Zh. M. Preschooler and play. Modern education system: experience of the past, look into the future, 2016, (5): 166-171. (In Russ.)

21. Remneva N. A. Educational games as a leading method of forming the foundations of logical thinking in older preschoolers. NB: Pedagogika i prosveshchenie, 2013, (4): 42-53. (In Russ.)

22. Chuprov L. F. Study of the features of verbal and logical thinking of children. Moscow-Chernogorsk: SMOPO, 2009, 62. (In Russ.)

23. Psychodiagnostics of children in preschool institutions (methods, tests, and questionnaires), comp. Dotsenko E. V. Volgograd: Uchitel, 2008, 297. (In Russ.)

24. Averina I. S., Shabanova E. I., Zadorina E. N. The method of express diagnostics of intellectual abilities (MEDIS-6-7). Obninsk: Printer, 1994, 18. (In Russ.)

25. Psychological and pedagogical diagnostics, eds. Levchenko I. Yu., Zabramnaya S. D. Moscow: Akademiia, 2008, 173. (In Russ.)

26. Denisov A. F., Dorofeev E. D. Culturally free intelligence test by R. Cattell (User guide). St. Petersburg: Imaton, 1996, 17. (In Russ.)

27. Afonkina Yu. A. Modern preschooler: a new context of mental development. Problems of modern pedagogical education, 2018, (58-4): 299-302. (In Russ.)

28. Shahmanova A. Sh. Self-worth of childhood and responsibility of adults to children. Chelovek i obrazovanie, 2012, (1): 57-61. (In Russ.)

29. Ganina S. A. The phenomenon of childhood in the context of psychological and educational research: history and modernity. Pedagogical Review, 2014, (1): 34-43. (In Russ.)

30. Trifonova E. V. The role of play in the development of cognitive abilities of preschool children. Detskii sad ot A do Ia, 2013, (3): 4-15. (In Russ.)

31. Trifonova E. V. Children's game from the standpoint of the theory of activity. Sborniki konferentsii NITs Sotsiosfera, 2014, (21): 33-42. (In Russ.)

32. Trifonova E. V. First manifestation of giftedness traits in senior preschoolers. Children. Society. Future: Proc. III Congress "Mental health in the XXI century". Moscow: KnoRus, 2020, vol. 2, 54-56. (In Russ.)

33. Chumicheva R. M. Preservation of Childhood - as a strategy of the Federal State Educational Standard of the preschool education. The Humanities (Yalta), 2015, (4): 21-30. (In Russ.)

Login or Create
* Forgot password?