Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
he present research featured the regulatory legal acts of 1917–1920 and the doctrinal foundations of justice during the formation of the Soviet political regime. The article concentrates on the problems of goal-setting of the Soviet legal system, the system of people's courts, and the crisis legislation of the period under review. The main functions of the judiciary system included: repressions; justice represented by people's courts; legislation; accessibility of justice; total involvement of workers in judicial duties; replacement of the system of criminal penalties with measures of peer pressure, and their effective implementation. The analysis showed that the legal goal-setting was performed empirically, depending on specific historical conditions. The main functions of administrative bodies and courts were deformed because no conditions for their implementation were provided for objective or subjective reasons. Only the repressive function was fully realized during the Civil War. The constituent norms of the Soviet legislation on the court contradicted with the legal realities of the era of civil confrontation.

people's courts, revolutionary tribunals, revolutionary legal consciousness, accessibility of justice, legal understanding
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